The Ministry of National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) with the support of KOMPAK―the Australia-Indonesia Government Partnership program―held an online discussion titled “National Action Plan, Into the Era of Expanding Inclusive Development of Persons with Disabilities,” on Wednesday, 24 August 2021. The discussion aimed to disseminate the government’s targets and efforts to achieve an inclusive development through the preparation of National Action Plan for People with Disabilities (RANPD) 2021–2025. RANPD is the master plan for people with disabilities which contains cross-ministerial/institutional operations strategies and policies.
“The National Action Plan is an encouragement to shift the public paradigm, from charity-based to human-right-based, in order to provide equal opportunities for people with disabilities in all aspects of life. One of them is fulfillment of the right to acquire legal identity documents, such as Identity Card, which will give them access to the government’s basic services,” explained Suharso Monoarfa, Minister of National Development Planning/Head of Bappenas.
Meanwhile, Minister Counsellor Governance and Human Development of the Australian Embassy, Kirsten Bishop, believes that RANPD will support the Indonesia-Australia Government partnership to obtain an inclusive development for all communities without exception, in which the needs and social protection for people with disabilities can be properly accommodated.
“For example, as we did through the KOMPAK program, the data of vulnerable groups and people with disabilities have been properly recorded in the village information system. This data helps the village government to identify their needs and rights as citizens in order to get social protection from the government,” she pointed out.
The realization of RANPD involved several strategic issues which not only related to inclusive data collection and planning, but also employment, a barrier-free environment for people with disabilities, political and judicial rights, economic empowerment, education and expertise, as well as an access to health services.
However, to achieve the inclusive development mandated by RANPD requires a collaboration between multiple parties, including the community and people with disabilities. The barrier-free environment required in the inclusive development is not only related to the provision of infrastructures and services for people with disabilities, but also to include knowledge, attitudes, and living culture of the community, with mutual respect and tolerance.
“If all of these parties collaborate toward the RANPD goal, in the next five years there will be no more news about people with disabilities being shut in by their families, unable to attend school or work properly because of inadequate facilities and infrastructures. There will no longer be a stigma that people with disabilities are helpless, as they have become key actors of development,” said Suharso.